The physiological effects of
Effect on the skin
Massage enhances the operation of the
sebaceous and exocrine glands, removes dead skin cells, improves skin
metabolism, softens scars and strengthens the body's defence mechanism.
It helps the skin to retain its elasticity in order to slow aging.
Effect on the nervous system
Certain massage techniques effectively reduce the sensitivity of
sensory nerve endings and are therefore often used to relieve the pain
of neuritis and neuralgia. The gentle movements stimulate the motor
system and increase muscle tone.
Effect on the psyche
Some techniques provide not only help for muscular-skeletal disorders,
but are also effective by helping the mind to unwind. Soft movements
soothe the nerves, free up breathing, relieve tension and help to
relax. Often the patient even falls asleep during the treatment, a sign
of deep relaxation for body, mind and soul.
Effect on muscles and joints
The effect of the massage is to relax tense muscles and to give slack
muscles renewed strength, restoring their normal muscle tension. After
intense exercise, lactic acid produced during metabolism is deposited
in muscle tissue, causing sore muscles and muscle cramps. Massage can
help to distribute lactic acid, reducing pain and fatigue. Massage is
used by athletes before a competition to reduce fatigue, improve muscle
tone, increase flexibility and strengthen muscles by increasing muscle
Effect on bones
After injuries to bones or joints, due to the forced immobility of
muscles and joints, local circulation slows down, followed by
lymphoedema, which in turn leads to swelling and muscle adhesions. The
appropriate use of massage can accelerate blood and lymph circulation,
alleviate swelling and loosen adhesions, allowing the joint to regain
its healthy activity.
Effect on circulation
Massage can increase manifold the blood flow in superficial and deep
tissues, thus improving the supply of oxygen and nutrients to cells. In
addition, touch and more vigorous circulation also stimulate the
function of the lymphatic system, causing deposited slag and toxins to
be removed more effectively.
Intensified blood and lymph circulation may be reached by kneading, and
the basis of appropriate immune protection is nothing more than
adequate blood circulation and a well-functioning lymphatic system.
Effect on organs
Massage also affects our internal organs.
This is because our internal organs are connected to our skin in
certain areas, and automatic reactions may occur between them. We can
influence certain organs, such as kidneys, liver or the heart by
massaging targeted zones. This is the basis of foot reflex massage, as
well as connective tissue massage.