The physiological effects of massage

Effect on the skin

Massage enhances the operation of the sebaceous and exocrine glands, removes dead skin cells, improves skin metabolism, softens scars and strengthens the body's defence mechanism. It helps the skin to retain its elasticity in order to slow aging.

Effect on the nervous system

Certain massage techniques effectively reduce the sensitivity of sensory nerve endings and are therefore often used to relieve the pain of neuritis and neuralgia. The gentle movements stimulate the motor system and increase muscle tone.

Effect on the psyche

Some techniques provide not only help for muscular-skeletal disorders, but are also effective by helping the mind to unwind. Soft movements soothe the nerves, free up breathing, relieve tension and help to relax. Often the patient even falls asleep during the treatment, a sign of deep relaxation for body, mind and soul.

Effect on muscles and joints

The effect of the massage is to relax tense muscles and to give slack muscles renewed strength, restoring their normal muscle tension. After intense exercise, lactic acid produced during metabolism is deposited in muscle tissue, causing sore muscles and muscle cramps. Massage can help to distribute lactic acid, reducing pain and fatigue. Massage is used by athletes before a competition to reduce fatigue, improve muscle tone, increase flexibility and strengthen muscles by increasing muscle contraction.

Effect on bones

After injuries to bones or joints, due to the forced immobility of muscles and joints, local circulation slows down, followed by lymphoedema, which in turn leads to swelling and muscle adhesions. The appropriate use of massage can accelerate blood and lymph circulation, alleviate swelling and loosen adhesions, allowing the joint to regain its healthy activity.

Effect on circulation

Massage can increase manifold the blood flow in superficial and deep tissues, thus improving the supply of oxygen and nutrients to cells. In addition, touch and more vigorous circulation also stimulate the function of the lymphatic system, causing deposited slag and toxins to be removed more effectively.
Intensified blood and lymph circulation may be reached by kneading, and the basis of appropriate immune protection is nothing more than adequate blood circulation and a well-functioning lymphatic system.

Effect on organs


Massage also affects our internal organs. This is because our internal organs are connected to our skin in certain areas, and automatic reactions may occur between them. We can influence certain organs, such as kidneys, liver or the heart by massaging targeted zones. This is the basis of foot reflex massage, as well as connective tissue massage.